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What does the new Security Decree launched by the Meloni Government provide?

The Council of Ministers approved this afternoon, 16 November, a new, fairly substantial security decree with many new features in various areas.
Measures studied by the Ministries of the Interior, Justice and Defense together with representatives of the personnel of the Armed Forces, Police Forces and Fire Brigade.
The points included in the new decree are truly different, starting from greater protection for representatives of the police force, the fight against riots in prisons, the tightening of penalties for those who defraud the elderly and specific anti-pickpocketing and anti- begging of minors.
Let's see in detail what changes.
More protection for the police forces Let's start with the tightening of penalties for those who attack a member of the police force.
It ranges from 2 to 5 years' imprisonment for anyone who causes personal injury to a judicial police or public security officer or agent in the act or due to the performance of duties.
In case of serious or very serious injuries, imprisonment ranges from 4 to 10 years and from 8 to 16 years.
The penalty has also been increased for those who deface movable or immovable property used by the police force or other public entities, if the act is committed with the aim of damaging the prestige or decorum of the institution.
They range from imprisonment from six months to 1 year and six months and a fine from 1,000 to 3,000 euros.
In case of repeat offenses, the penalty is imprisonment from six months to three years and a fine of up to 12,000 euros.
The other novelty for the police concerns the possibility for officers to take another person with them when they are off duty.
private weapon, not ordinance and without any license.
This will allow officers to have a lighter weapon off duty instead of their service weapon, which is usually much heavier.
New crime against prison riots Also in the judicial field, a new crime is introduced against anyone who organizes or participates in a prison riot with acts of violence, threats or other dangerous conduct.
For those who organize the sentence ranges from 2 to 8 years while for those who participate it ranges from 1 to 5 years.
In the case of use of weapons, the aggravating circumstance with imprisonment of up to 10 years is foreseen.
Penalties have also been tightened for those who carry out road blocks, preventing free circulation on ordinary roads by obstructing them with their own bodies.
If previously this behavior was punished with an administrative sanction, now the new provision establishes that this case becomes a crime when it is «particularly offensive and alarming, both due to the presence of more people and the fact that it was promoted and organized in advance ».
Combating illegal occupations A new crime is introduced, prosecutable upon complaint by the offended person, which punishes with imprisonment from 2 to 7 years anyone who, with violence or threats, occupies or holds another's property without title, or in any case prevents the return in the property of the owner or the person who held it.
If the occupant cooperates and voluntarily releases the occupied property, there is a cause of non-punishment.
The other innovation concerns a speeding up of the process of returning the property to the rightful owner.
"In urgent cases, in which the occupied property is, for example, the only home of the injured person, the possibility is foreseen that the release/return of the property is carried out directly by the police force", we read.
Crackdown on those who defraud the elderly.
Crackdown also on those guilty of scams against the elderly or vulnerable people.
The penalty is increased from 2 to 6 years of imprisonment for aggravated fraud and, for this case, the possibility is also provided for the police to proceed with arrest in flagrante delicto.
There is also news for pickpockets with the police commissioner who will now be able to ban access to subways, railway stations and ports for those who have already been reported or convicted of theft, robbery or other crimes against property or persons committed in those places .
In this case, many subjects often escaped prison due to their pregnancy.
Now with the new security decree, for women convicted when they are pregnant or are mothers of children up to three years old, it is no longer mandatory to postpone the execution of the sentence, but this option is maintained in the presence of legal requirements .
The ban on prison for pregnant women and mothers of young children up to one year of age remains.
The penalty for those who employ minors in begging instead of sending them to school has also been increased.
The sentence from 1 to 3 years is increased to 5 years and the age limit from 14 years is increased to 16 years.
read also Can a minor go to prison?

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