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How many wars are there in the world in 2024 and which ones risk getting worse

In recent years there has been an exponential increase in armed conflicts throughout the world, especially in the MENA area (Middle East and North Africa).
Conflicts, floods and the climate crisis have profoundly marked 2023 and the risk is that in 2024 some wars could worsen and escalate.
This is what the International Crisis Group says, an NGO that works to prevent and resolve deadly conflicts, which has recorded a significant increase in conflicts since 2011.
Peaceless wars involving over 400 million children, as reported by Unicef.
Between 2005 and 2022 – according to the United Nations body – at least 120,000 children were killed or maimed due to wars.
And while civilians die under the bombings, international politics stands by and watches, without being able to find a real resolution.
A tragic example is the genocide that is taking place in the Gaza Strip, under the eyes of a West blocked in its political immobility.
But the tragedies have not only marked Gaza, the conflicts that risk degenerating in 2024 are numerous and are all concentrated between the Middle East and Africa.
It is therefore appropriate to understand what the responsibilities of international politics are and what they are.
Here's how many wars there will be in 2024 and which ones risk getting worse.
read also What is the Middle East, which countries are part of it and why it is often at war How many wars are there in the world in 2024? Since 2011, numerous conflicts have exploded all over the world and some of these are still ongoing, tearing countries apart and killing civilians.
The difference, compared to the conflicts of the 1990s such as those in Cambodia, Bosnia, Mozambique and Liberia, is that a series of ceasefire agreements had been reached, and although they were incomplete agreements, these represented steps towards peace, while in the last ten years no pacts have ever been signed between the warring parties.
Let's see together how many wars are still ongoing in 2024.
Libya, Yemen and Syria.
The wars in these three countries have formally ended, but de facto a lasting and definitive peace has never been achieved, since the warring factions have never reached an agreement.
And Libya's instability then spread southwards, causing a series of prolonged hostilities in the Sahel.
Azerbaijan and Armenia.
In 2020, conflict erupted over the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave.
A conflict that has not yet been resolved as in 2023 Azerbaijan regained control of Nagorno-Karabakh and pushed many Armenians to flee, putting an end to a thirty-year stalemate.
Ethiopia.
Another tragic conflict is the one that took place in this African state, in particular in the northern region of Tigray.
Although Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed reached a ceasefire agreement with Tigray rebels in November 2022, this represents more of a consolidation of Abiy's power than anything else, but tensions have never completely ceased and it is possible that they will explode again.
Afghanistan.
After the withdrawal of US troops in August 2021, the Taliban took power without any special agreements.
After decades of war the country has returned to a repressive regime with serious consequences for civilians.
Russia and Ukraine.
Another ongoing conflict is the one between Moscow and Kiev, which is losing Western support due to other wars, especially the one in Palestine, leaving Russia full of maneuvering.
Sudan.
A war that is tearing a country apart.
The ongoing conflict, which began in the capital Khartoum and soon spread to the rest of the country, is the result of a series of tensions that have been latent for years, fueled by foreign nations that have economic interests in the heart of the Horn of Africa such as the United States and Russia .
Palestine and Israel.
A century-old conflict which now, after years in which the Palestinian people were oppressed, has turned into a true genocide.
Gaza is now razed to the ground and this could erase the hope of peace for an entire generation.
read also Iran-Pakistan, nuclear war nightmare: what is happening? War 2024, which conflicts risk degenerating? There are numerous conflicts that have marked 2023 but which risk quickly degenerating in 2024, as on some battlefields, efforts to achieve peace are totally absent.
Just think of Sudan, perhaps one of the worst wars underway today in terms of the number of civilians killed and displaced, and the political efforts of the United States and Saudi Arabia were to no avail.
The Russian-Ukrainian conflict still remains among the most dangerous that could lead to an international escalation.
Due to declining Western support for Kiev due to other conflicts, Moscow seeks to force Kiev to surrender, an unacceptable outcome for Ukrainians.
The situation in Ethiopia should not be underestimated, where experts fear that Abiy will try to gain an outlet to the sea by attacking Eritrea as far as the Red Sea.
Finally, the conflict in Palestine risks spreading throughout the Middle East, as is already happening with the Houthis of Yemen who are blocking the Red Sea, or Iran who has struck Pakistan, while Israel and the United States threaten to intervene.
All this while thousands of civilians and children die under Israel's signature bombs.
In all the cases mentioned, peace is not negotiable with an agreement, and although diplomatic efforts for humanitarian aid are notable, international politics is totally absent, allowing daily massacres of civilians.
War, the responsibilities of international politics These international crises, the analysts of the International Crisis Group point out, often depend on the inertia of global politics.
“The constraints on the use of force, for example, are crumbling” – writes Repubblica.
And if diplomatic efforts in some cases have led to the rapprochement of some powers such as between Iran and Saudi Arabia, or between the United States and China, these have not led to conflict resolutions.
Even in crises in which they are not directly involved, great powers focus on diplomacy, relations with warring states, and economic interests, rather than engaging in peace solutions.
Otherwise it would not be possible to explain why the United States and other countries voted against the ceasefire in Palestine, de facto allowing the continuation of a genocide.
read also When does the Israel-Hamas war end? Netanyahu's response scares the West

Author: A.W.M.

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